Birds in West Eugene

West Eugene Birds
203 species of birds have been observed in the wetlands and forested uplands of west Eugene. Over the past decade, several new species have been added to this bird list each year, as increasing numbers of skilled observers visit the wetlands and report their findings to West Eugene Wetlands Program staff, Oregon Birder's Online (OBOL), or the Lane County Audubon Society.

RedwingsTwo of the favorite birding spots within the West Eugene Wetlands are Bertelson Nature Park (which includes Stewart Pond) and Meadowlark Prairie.

The list below follows the scientific, taxonomic order of the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist of North American Birds (seventh edition).

The following codes are used in the list below:
R = resident during entire year
S = spring / summer
W = winter
O = occasional / accidental

Common Name
Scientific Name
Pied-billed grebe (R) Podilymbus podiceps
Horned grebe
Podiceps auritus
Eared grebe (O) Podiceps nigricollis
Western grebe (S) Aechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's grebe (O) Aechmophorus clarkii

Common Name
Scientific Name
Double-crested cormorant
Phalacrocorax auritus

Herons, Egrets, and Ibises
Common Name
Scientific Name
American bittern (R) Botaurus lentiginosus
Great blue heron (R) Ardea herodias
Great egret (W) Ardea albus
Green heron (S) Butorides virescens
White-faced ibis (O) Plegadis chihi

Common Name
Scientific Name
Turkey vulture (S) Cathartes aura

Geese and Swans
Common Name
Scientific Name
Greater white-fronted goose (W) Anser albifrons
Snow goose (W) Anser caerulescens
Ross' goose (O) Chen rossii
Brant (O) Branta bernicla
Canada goose (R) Branta canadensis
Tundra swan (W) Cygnus columbianus

Common Name
Scientific Name
Wood duck (R) Aix sponsa
Green-winged teal (W) Anas crecca
Mallard (R) Anas platyrhynchos
Northern pin-tail (W) Anas acuta
Blue-winged teal (S) Anas discors
Cinnamon teal (R) Anas cyanoptera
Northern shoveler (W) Anas clypeata
Gadwall (W) Anas strepera
Eurasian wigeon (O) Anas penelope
American wigeon (W) Anas americana
Canvasback (W) Aythya valisineria
Redhead (O) Aythya americana
Ring-necked duck (W) Aythya collaris
Lesser scaup (W) Aythya affinis
Common goldeneye (W) Bucephala clangula
Bufflehead (W) Bucephala albeola
Hooded merganser (W) Lophodytes cucullatus
Common merganser (W) Mergus merganser
Ruddy duck (W) Oxyura jamaicensis

Osprey, Kites, Harriers, Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons
Common Name
Scientific Name
Osprey (S) Pandion haliaetus
White-tailed kite (W) Elanus leucurus
Bald eagle (W) Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Northern harrier (R) Circus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned hawk (R) Accipiter striatus
Cooper's hawk (R) Accipiter cooperii
Northern goshawk (O) Accipiter gentilis
Red-shouldered hawk (W) Buteo lineatus
Red-tailed hawk (R) Buteo jamaicensis
Ferruginous hawk (O) Buteo regalis
Rough-legged hawk (W) Buteo lagopus
Golden eagle (O) Aquila chrysaetos
American kestrel (R) Falco sparverius
Merlin (W) Falco columbarius
Peregrine falcon (W) Falco peregrinus
Prairie falcon (W) Falco mexicanus

Pheasants and Quail
Common Name
Scientific Name
Ring-necked pheasant (R) Phasianus colchicus
California quail (R) Callipepla californica

Rails and Coots
Common Name
Scientific Name
Virginia rail (S) Rallus limicola
Sora (S) Porzana carolina
American coot (R) Fulica americana

Common Name
Scientific Name
Sandhill crane (W) Grus canadensis

Common Name
Scientific Name
Black-bellied plover (O) Pluvialis squatarola
American golden plover (O) Pluvialis dominica
Semipalmated plover (O) Charadrius semipalmatus
Kildeer (R) Charadrius vociferus
Black-necked stilt (S) Himantopus mexicanus
Greater yellowlegs (W) Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser yellowlegs (W) Tringa flavipes
Solitary sandpiper (O) Tringa solitaria
Spotted sandpiper (R) Tringa macularia
Semipalmated sandpiper (O) Calidris pusilla
Western sandpiper (W) Calidris mauri
Least sandpiper (W) Calidris minutilla
Dunlin (W) Calidris alpina
Ruff (O) Philomachus pugnax
Short-billed dowitcher (O) Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed dowitcher (W) Limnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's snipe (W) Gallinago gallinago
Wilson's phalarope (O) Steganopus tricolor
Red-necked phalarope (O) Phalaropus lobatus

Gulls and Terns
Common Name
Scientific Name
Mew gull (W) Larus canus
Ring-billed gull (W) Larus delawarensis
California gull (W) Larus californicus
Herring gull (W) Larus argentatus
Thayer's gull (W) Larus thayeri
Western gull (W) Larus occidentalis
Glaucous-winged gull (W) Larus glaucescens
Common tern (W) Sterna hirundo
Black tern (O) Chlidonias niger

Pigeons and Doves
Common Name
Scientific Name
Rock dove (R) Columba livia
Band-tailed pigeon (S) Columba fasciata
Mourning dove (R) Zenaida macroura
Eurasian collared dove (R) Streptopelia decaocto

Owls, Goatsuckers, and Swifts
Common Name
Scientific Name
Barn owl (R) Tyto alba
Western screech-owl (R) Otus kennicottii
Great horned owl (R) Bubo virginianus
Northern pygmy-owl (R) Glaucidium californicum
Long-eared owl (O) Asio otus
Short-eared owl (W) Asio flammeus
Northern saw-whet owl (R) Aegolius acadicus
Common nighthawk (S) Chordeiles minor
Black swift (O) Cypseloides niger
Vaux's swift (S) Chaetura vauxi

Common Name
Scientific Name
Anna's hummingbird (R) Calypte anna
Rufous hummingbird (S) Selasphorus rufus

Common Name
Scientific Name
Belted kingfisher (R) Megaceryle alcyon

Common Name
Scientific Name
Lewis' woodpecker (W) Melanerpes lewis
Acorn woodpecker (R) Melanerpes formicivorus
Red-breasted sapsucker (R) Sphyrapicus ruber
Downy woodpecker (R) Picoides pubescens
Hairy woodpecker (R) Picoides villosus
Northern flicker (R) Colaptes auratus
Pileated woodpecker (R) Dryocopus pileatus

Common Name
Scientific Name
Olive-sided flycatcher (S) Contopus borealis
Western wood-pewee (S) Contopus sordidulus
Willow flycatcher (S) Empidonax traillii
Hammond's flycatcher (S) Empidonax hammondii
Pacific-slope flycatcher (S) Empidonax difficilis
Black phoebe (O) Sayornis nigricans
Say's phoebe (O) Sayornis saya
Ash-throated flycatcher (O) Myiarchus cinerascens
Western kingbird (S) Tyrannus verticalis

Common Name
Scientific Name
Northern shrike (W) Lanius excubitor

Common Name
Scientific Name
Cassin's vireo (S) Vireo cassinii
Hutton's vireo (R) Vireo huttoni
Warbling vireo (S) Vireo gilvus

Jays and Crows
Common Name
Scientific Name
Gray jay (O) Perisoreus canadensis
Steller's jay (R) Cyanocitta stelleri
Western scrub-jay (R) Aphelocoma californica
American crow (R) Corvus brachyrhynchos
Common raven (R) Corvus corax

Common Name
Scientific Name
Purple martin (S) Progne subis
Tree swallow (S) Tachycineta bicolor
Violet-green swallow (S) Tachycineta thalassina
Northern rough-winged swallow (S) Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Cliff swallow (S) Hirundo pyrrhonota
Barn swallow (S) Hirundo rustica

Chickadees, Bushtits, Nutatches, and Creepers
Common Name
Scientific Name
Black-capped chickadee (R) Parus atricapillus
Chestnut-backed chickadee (R) Parus rufescens
Bushtit (R) Psaltriparus minimus
Red-breasted nuthatch (R) Sitta canadensis
White-breasted nuthatch (R) Sitta carolinensis
Brown creeper (R) Certhia americana

Common Name
Scientific Name
Bewick's wren (R) Thryomanes bewickii
House wren (S) Troglodytes aedon
Winter wren (R) Troglodytes troglodytes
Marsh wren (R) Cistothorus palustris

Kinglets and Gnatcatchers
Common Name
Scientific Name
Golden-crowned kinglet (R) Regulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned kinglet (W) Regulus calendula
Blue-gray gnatcatcher (O) Polioptila caerulea

Thrushes, Wrentit, and Mockingbirds
Common Name
Scientific Name
Western bluebird (R) Sialia mexicana
Townsend's solitaire (O) Myadestes townsendi
Swainson's thrush (S) Catharus ustulatus
Hermit thrush (W) Catharus guttatus
American robin (R) Turdus migratorius
Varied thrush (W) Zoothera naevia
Wrentit (R) Chamaea fasciata
Northern mockingbird (O) Mimus polyglottos

Common Name
Scientific Name
European starling (R) Sturnus vulgaris

Common Name
Scientific Name
American pipit (W) Anthus rubescens

Common Name
Scientific Name
Cedar waxwing (R) Bombycilla cedrorum

Wood-Warblers, and Sparrows
Common Name
Scientific Name
Tennessee warbler (O) Vermivora peregrina
Orange-crowned warbler (R) Vermivora celata
Nashville warbler (S) Vermivora ruficapilla
Yellow warbler (S) Dendroica petechia
Yellow-rumped warbler (W) Dendroica coronata
Black-throated gray warbler (S) Dendroica nigrescens
Townsend's warbler (W) Dendroica townsendi
Hermit warbler (S) Dendroica occidentalis
Palm warbler (O, W) Dendroica palmarum
MacGillivray's warbler (S) Oporornis tolmiei
Common yellowthroat (S) Geothlypis trichas
Wilson's warbler (S) Wilsonia pusilla
Yellow-breasted chat (S) Icteria virens

Common Name
Scientific Name
Western tanager (S) Piranga ludoviciana

Towhees, Sparrows, Grosbeaks, and Buntings
Common Name
Scientific Name
Spotted (rufous-sided) towhee (R) Pipilo maculatus
Chipping sparrow (S) Spizella passerina
Clay-colored sparrow (O) Spizella pallida
Vesper sparrow (S) Pooecetes gramineus
Savannah sparrow (R) Passerculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper sparrow (O) Ammodramus savannarum
Fox sparrow (W) Passerella iliaca
Song sparrow (R) Melospiza melodia
Lincoln's sparrow (W) Melospiza lincolnii
Swamp sparrow (O) Melospiza georgiana
White-throated sparrow (O) Zonotrichia albicollis
Golden-crowned sparrow (W) Zonotrichia atricapilla
White-crowned sparrow (R) Zonotrichia leucophrys
Harris sparrow (O) Zonotrichia querula
Dark-eyed (Oregon) junco (R) Junco hyemalis
Rose-breasted grosbeak (O) Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed grosbeak (S) Pheucticus melanocephalus
Lazuli bunting (S) Passerina amoena

Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, and Orioles
Common Name
Scientific Name
Red-winged blackbird (R) Agelaius phoeniceus
Western meadowlark (R) Sturnella neglecta
Yellow-headed blackbird (R) Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Brewer's blackbird (R) Euphagus cyanocephalus
Brown-headed cowbird (S) Molothrus ater
Bullock's oriole (S) Icterus bullockii

Finches, Goldfinches, and Weaver Finches
Common Name
Scientific Name
Purple finch (R) Carpodacus purpureus
House finch (R) Carpodacus mexicanus
Red crossbill (R) Loxia curvirostra
Pine siskin (W) Carduelis pinus
Lesser goldfinch (R) Carduelis psaltria
American goldfinch (R) Carduelis tristis
Evening grosbeak (W) Hesperiphona vespertina
House sparrow (R) Passer domesticus