Angled Crosswalks provide a center refuge for people who are walking. This forces pedestrians to look at oncoming traffic before crossing entire roadway.
A bike box is a bike staging area designed to prevent bike/car collisions at intersections. It allows bikers to wait in front of motorists at a red light to make them more visible and prevent collisions caused by a motorist turning across the path of a cyclists traveling straight. See video.
A chicane is a street designed to slow traffic by requiring motorists to follow a one-lane serpentine route. Typically, a chicane uses three or more horizontal deflections on alternating sides of the street. The design slows traffic and elicits a cautious response from motorists. Chicanes reduces vehicle speeds, eliminates straight site line, and have a potential to add more landscaping to a street.
Chokers slow vehicles at a mid-point along the street and they create a clear transition between a commercial and a residential area. Chokers narrow overly wide intersections and midblock areas of streets and add room along the sidewalk or planting strip for landscaping or street furniture.
Crossing Islands enhance pedestrian crossings, particularly at unsignalized crossing points, reduce vehicle speeds approaching pedestrian crossings and highlight pedestrian crossings.
Curb extensions improve safety for pedestrians and motorists at intersections and increase visibility and reduce speed of turning vehicles. They also encourage pedestrians to cross at designated locations, prevent motor vehicles from parking at corners, and shorten crossing distance and reduce pedestrian exposure.
Protected Bike Lane
These are bike lanes that physically separate people biking from people driving. This separation can be achieved with barriers, differences in grade and on-street parking. Protected bike lanes greatly enhance both the perception and reality of bike safety. By providing a safer rider experience, these lanes have been shown to increase the number of people cycling and therefore improve overall safety.
Modeled after Dutch intersection design, the Protected Intersection brings the physical protection along with you as you ride through the crossing. A collection of design elements makes left turns simple and secure, right turns protected and fast, and provides straight through movements that minimize or eliminate conflicts from turning cars.
A raise crosswalk is a flat-topped speed table built as a pedestrian crossing. It may be constructed of asphalt, concrete or a combination of different materials. Raised crosswalks reduce vehicle speeds, raise driver and pedestrian awareness of the crossing location, and enhance pedestrian environment.
Raised intersections are flat raised areas covering an entire intersection. They are often built as a pedestrian crossing to slow vehicle traffic. Raised Intersections reduce vehicle speeds, enhance the pedestrian environment, and improves vehicle and pedestrian safety.
Speed humps are raised areas of asphalt designed to reduce vehicle speeds. Speed humps are typically 14 feet long and 3 inches high. Speed humps help by reducing vehicle speeds and enhancing the pedestrian environment at pedestrian crossings.
A speed table is a flat-topped speed hump often constructed with brick or other textured materials on the flat section. They slow vehicle traffic approaching the table to enhance the pedestrian environment. The wheelbase of a typical passenger car will fit on top of a speed table. Speed tables reduce vehicle speeds, enhance the pedestrian environment at pedestrian crossings.
A traffic circle is a raised island placed in the middle of an intersection to calm traffic. Motorists are required to slow to a speed that allows them to comfortably maneuver around the circle. Traffic circles manage traffic at intersections where volumes do not warrant a stop sign or a signal. They also reduce crash occurrence at the intersection of two local streets, and reduce vehicle speeds at the intersection.